|Document revision:||2.2 (Tue Mar 08 19:21:08 GMT 2005)|
The MikroTik RouterOS supports Universal Plug and Play architecture for transparent peer-to-peer network connectivity of personal computers and network-enabled intelligent devices or appliances. UPnP builds enables these devices to automatically connect with one another and work together to make networking possible for more people.
SpecificationsPackages required: system
License required: Level1
Submenu level: /ip upnp
Standards and Technologies: TCP/IP, HTTP, XML, IGD
Hardware usage: Not significant
UPnP enables data communication between any two devices under the command of any control device on the network. Universal Plug and Play is completely independent of any particular physical medium. It supports networking with automatic discovery without any initial configuration, whereby a device can dynamically join a network. DHCP and DNS servers are optional and will be used if available on the network. UPnP implements simple yet powerfull NAT traversal solution, that enables the client to get full peer-to-peer network support from behind the NAT.
There are two interface types for UPnP: internal (the one local clients are connected to) and external (the one the Internet is connected to). A router may only have one external interface with a 'public' IP address on it, and as many internal IP addresses as needed, all with source-NATted 'internal' IP addresses.
The UPnP protocol is used for most of DirectX games as well as for various Windows Messenger features (remote asisstance, application sharing, file transfer, voice, video) from behind a firewall.
Additional ResourcesUPnP Forum
Enabling Universal Plug-n-PlaySubmenu level: /ip upnp
Property Descriptionallow-disable-external-interface (yes | no; default: yes) - whether or not should the users be allowed to disable router's external interface. This functionality (for users to be able to turn the router's external interface off without any authentication procedure) is required by the standard, but as it is sometimes not expected or unwanted in UPnP deployments which the standard was not designed for (it was designed mostly for home users to establish their local networks), you can disable this behaviorenabled (yes | no; default: no) - whether UPnP feature is enabledshow-dummy-rule (yes | no; default: yes) - this is to enable a workaround for some broken implementations, which are handling the absense of UPnP rules inincorrectly (for example, popping up error messages). This option will instruct the server to install a dummy (meaningless) UPnP rule that can be observed by the clients, which refuse to work correctly otherwise
To enable UPnP feature:
[admin@MikroTik] ip upnp> set enable=yes [admin@MikroTik] ip upnp> print enabled: yes allow-disable-external-interface: yes show-dummy-rule: yes [admin@MikroTik] ip upnp>
UPnP InterfacesSubmenu level: /ip upnp interfaces
Property Descriptioninterface (name) - interface name UPnP will be run ontype (external | internal) - interface type, one of the:
internal - router's local interface
We have masquerading already enabled on our router:
[admin@MikroTik] ip upnp interfaces> /ip firewall src-nat print Flags: X - disabled, I - invalid, D - dynamic 0 src-address=0.0.0.0/0:0-65535 dst-address=0.0.0.0/0:0-65535 out-interface=ether1 protocol=all icmp-options=any:any flow="" connection="" content="" limit-count=0 limit-burst=0 limit-time=0s action=masquerade to-src-address=0.0.0.0 to-src-port=0-65535 [admin@MikroTik] ip upnp interfaces>
Now all we have to do is to add interfaces and enable UPnP:
[admin@MikroTik] ip upnp interfaces> add interface=ether1 type=external [admin@MikroTik] ip upnp interfaces> add interface=ether2 type=internal [admin@MikroTik] ip upnp interfaces> print Flags: X - disabled # INTERFACE TYPE 0 X ether1 external 1 X ether2 internal [admin@MikroTik] ip upnp interfaces> enable 0,1 [admin@MikroTik] ip upnp interfaces> .. set enabled=yes [admin@MikroTik] ip upnp interfaces>